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Orange trade. Status

Three countries are the main exporters of oranges: Spain, South Africa and Egypt. All three together represent almost 60% of the total international trade

 

International trade in oranges has experienced stabilization in recent years at a level of about seven million tons. A not insignificant figure, oranges are considered a major product worldwide as just over 10% of total production (an estimated 6.5 million tons) is traded internationally. For export figures, only bananas, apples, tomatoes and onions are bigger. For production, in addition to these products, watermelons are more important than oranges globally.

Three countries are the main exporters of oranges: Spain, South Africa and Egypt. All three together represent almost 60% of the total international trade. Other important export countries are also the US, Turkey and Greece. About a third of the total is mutual trade among EU countries. Spain, globally the most important export country, supplies, practically exclusively, to EU countries, being Germany, France, Italy and the Netherlands the four main countries. In calendar year 2015, there was much export, 1.7 million tons. During the past 2015/16 season, there was a significant decrease in exports, 1.47 million tons.

If we look globally to the importers, the Netherlands is the most important, followed by Germany, Russia, France, the Gulf States and China. All EU countries combined imported 2.8 million tons of oranges in 2015, 900,000 tons of that from countries outside the EU. In 2015, the Netherlands imported a record number of almost 500,000 tons of oranges. In the first seven months of the year, import was 15 per cent larger than in the same period of the previous year.

In addition to the huge volume of fresh orange market, the orange juice industry process around 20 million tons per year, being Brazil the major juice producer. Of a 15 million ton, about 10 million is processed into (frozen) juice. The US and Mexico are also major juice countries. The total value of world orange juice trade is 4.5 billion euro, larger than the international trade of fresh oranges, which amounted to approximately 4 billion euro in 2015.

Source : Freshplaza

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